ARIDOAMERICA Y MESOAMERICA PDF

Publishing platform for digital magazines, interactive publications and online catalogs. Convert documents to beautiful publications and share them worldwide. Aridoamérica, Mesoamérica y Oasisamérica Aridoamérica Norte de México Sur de E.U.. Territorio: Ubicación: Se extiende al norte de. Características de Oasisamérica, Aridoamérica y Mesoamérica. EG Aridoamérica? Choose a template. Pitch – FinancePitch – FinanceWPitch.

Author: Moogur Nilkis
Country: Syria
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Literature
Published (Last): 7 July 2006
Pages: 283
PDF File Size: 10.97 Mb
ePub File Size: 2.76 Mb
ISBN: 151-1-30492-587-6
Downloads: 74875
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Mogul

Mesoamerican writing is ariroamerica in several mediums, including large stone monuments such as stelaecarved directly onto architecture, carved or painted over stucco e.

Excerpts available at Google Books. Autosacrifice, also called bloodlettingis the ritualized practice of drawing blood from oneself. The Pueblo period begins with the mesoamerkca of ceramics. AroundTikal arose again and started to aridoajerica strong alliances and defeat its worst enemies.

The northern side aridoamrrica the Isthmus is swampy and covered in dense jungle—but the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, as the lowest and most level point within the Sierra Madre mountain chain, was nonetheless a main transportation, communication, and economic route within Mesoamerica. They believed that supernatural beings called the kachina had come to the surface of the earth from the sipapu center of the earth at the moment of the creation of the human race.

The development of the Hohokam culture is divided into four periods: By roughly BCE, hunter-gatherers living in the highlands and lowlands of Mesoamerica began to develop agricultural practices with early cultivation of squash and chilli.

Some of the main ones consumed include avocadopapayaguavamameyzapoteand annona. The geographic vision is also tied to the cardinal points. The story of the origins of the cultural superarea of Mesoamerica takes place some years after the separation of Mesoamerica and Aridoamerica. The Maya closely observed and duly recorded the seasonal markers. During the Early and Middle Preclassic, the site developed some of the earliest examples of defensive palisadesceremonial mfsoamerica, the use of adobeand hieroglyphic writing.

Another form of autosacrifice was conducted by pulling a rope with attached thorns through the tongue or earlobes. Maize played an important role wridoamerica Mesoamerican feasts due to its symbolic meaning and abundance. Oxford Atlas of World History. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The phenomenon is thought to be associated with a prolonged drought that befell the region from to This hypothesis neatly explains the presence of ceramics in Utah that are very similar to those found in Mesa Verde.

TOP Related Posts  PSICOLOGIA DELLE FOLLE EBOOK

To the east and west of these enormous mountain ranges stretch the grand arid plains of the SonoraChihuahuaand Arizona Deserts.

The Postclassic aridoamerixa with the arrival of the Spanish and their subsequent conquest of the Aztec between and Mesoamerican religionMesoamerican creation mesoamericxand Mesoamerican world tree. It is commonly seen or represented through iconography as performed by ruling elites in highly ritualized ceremonies, but it was easily practiced in mundane sociocultural contexts i.

At this time during the Epi-Classic period, the Nahua peoples began moving south into Mesoamerica from the North, and became politically and mssoamerica dominant in central Mexico, as they displaced speakers of Oto-Manguean languages. The tallest mountain in Mesoamerica is Pico de Orizabaa dormant volcano located on the border of Puebla and Veracruz. A second hypothesis suggests that the Fremont culture may have been derived from buffalo -hunting societies, probably from a culture of Athabaskan origin.

Mesoamerica aridoamerica y oasisamerica by roberto martinez mercado on Prezi

Revelations of the Americas before Columbus. Jaina Island type figure Maya — CE. Stable isotope data from Copan, Honduras”. It has been argued that among Mesoamerican societies the concepts of space and time are associated with the four cardinal compass points and linked together by the calendar. In the Colonial period, ties were strengthened with Mesoamerica.

Having secured their food supply, the Mesoamerican societies turned to intellectual pursuits. The Hohokam lived in small communities of several hundred people. Warfare and capturing prisoners became a method of social advancement and a religious cause. They prepared almanacs recording past and recent solar and lunar eclipsesthe phases of the moonthe periods of Venus and Marsthe movements of various other planets, and conjunctions of celestial bodies.

Despite being a basically dry land, Oasisamerica contains several bodies of water like rivers: There are many indications of a close relationship between the two great cultural regions of North America.

TOP Related Posts  BIOLYTE 2000 ELECTROLYTE ANALYZER EPUB DOWNLOAD

Aztec religionOlmec mythologyMaya religionand Maya mythology.

The Patayan culture began to disappear in the fourteenth century. The term Mesoamerica literally means “middle America” in Greek. The Mesoamerican book was typically written with brush and colored inks on a paper prepared from the inner bark of the ficus mmesoamerica.

File:Mapa Mesoamérica Aridoamérica – Wikimedia Commons

The concept of zero was also used, and its representation at the Late Preclassic occupation of Tres Zapotes is one of the earliest uses of zero in human history. Radiocarbon samples associated with various sculptures found at the Late Preclassic site of Izapa suggest a date of between and BCE. Palace of MitlaOaxaca 12th century.

Mesoamerican cultures that lived in the lowlands and coastal plains settled down in agrarian communities somewhat later than did highland cultures due to the fact that there was a greater abundance of fruits and animals in these areas, which made a hunter-gatherer lifestyle more attractive.

Archaeologists dispute the mesoameeica and ethnic identity of the Hohokam culture. Regions of South America. The Chichimecaan umbrella term for several tribes used by the Nahua peoplewere hunter-gatherers mesoamericx Aridoamerica aidoamerica.

The relations with Mesoamerica and the presence of such traded goods indicate that by the Colonial period the Hohokam had already become organized into chiefdoms. Five or six different scripts have been documented in Mesoamerica, but archaeological dating methods, and a certain degree of self-interest, aridoamerics difficulties in establishing priority and thus the forebear from which the others developed.

Mesoamerica

Aridoamerica denotes an ecological region spanning Mexico and the Southwest United Statesdefined by the presence of the culturally significant staple foodstuff Phaseolus acutifoliusa drought-resistant bean. Some hold that the culture developed endogenously without outside influencepointing to Snaketown which had its origins in the fourth century BC. The Oxford Companion to Archaeology.